The Ultimate Guide to American Curl Cat

The American Curl is a distinctive and charming breed of cat known for its unique curled ears.

Origin United States

Weight 6 to 12 lbs

Height 9 to 12 inches

Size Medium

Hypoallergenic No

Life 12-16 years

Price 800$

Coat Short

American Curl Cat Breed Photo

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arrow History arrow Characteristics arrow Temperament arrow Personality arrow Grooming and Vocality arrow Compatibility arrow health arrow Care arrow Price

American Curl Cat Review

The American Curl is a distinctive and charming breed of cat known for its unique curled ears. Here's a summary of key features and characteristics of the American Curl:
Appearance: The American Curl has medium-sized body proportions with a moderate build. The most distinctive feature of this breed is its unique curled ears, which start to curl backward within the first few days of a kitten's life.
Coat: The American Curl has a silky, medium-length coat that comes in a variety of colors and patterns. The coat requires regular grooming to prevent matting and keep it looking its best.
Personality: American Curls are known for their friendly and affectionate nature. They are often described as sociable, gentle, and good with families, including children and other pets. They enjoy being part of the household activities and forming close bonds with their human companions. Activity Level: While they are not overly energetic or hyperactive, American Curls do enjoy playtime and interactive toys. They appreciate mental stimulation and can adapt well to different environments, including apartment living.
Health: American Curls are generally considered a healthy breed with no specific breed-related health issues. However, as with any cat, it's important to provide regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and plenty of exercise to maintain their overall well-being.
Overall, the American Curl is a unique and sociable breed that makes a loving and engaging companion. Their distinctive curled ears and friendly disposition make them a popular choice among cat lovers.

American Curl Origin

The American Curl cat breed originated in the early 1980s in Lakewood, California, USA. The breed's unique curled ears were the result of a spontaneous genetic mutation that occurred in a stray black cat named Shulamith. Shulamith was found by Joe and Grace Ruga, who took her in and later bred her.
Shulamith gave birth to a litter of kittens, and two of them inherited her curled ears. Recognizing the uniqueness of this trait, the Rugas decided to develop a new breed based on these kittens. They named the breed "American Curl" to reflect its American origin and the distinctive curling of the ears.
The Rugas worked with geneticist Dr. Solveig Pflueger to establish the American Curl breed and ensure its long-term viability. They selectively bred cats with the curled ears, paying careful attention to health, temperament, and overall conformation. The breed gained recognition and popularity, attracting the attention of cat fanciers and breeders worldwide.
In 1987, the American Curl breed was officially recognized by The International Cat Association (TICA). Since then, the breed has gained recognition from various cat registries and associations globally.
The American Curl breed has expanded to include different coat colors, patterns, and lengths. However, the defining characteristic remains the distinctive backward curling of the ears, which sets the American Curl apart from other cat breeds.

American Curl Characteristics

The American Curl cat breed is known for its distinctive curled ears, but it has other notable characteristics as well. Here are some key features and traits of the American Curl:
Curled Ears: The most recognizable trait of the American Curl is its curled ears. The ears curve backward, creating an elegant and unique appearance. The degree of curl can vary from a gentle arc to a tight curl. Kittens are born with straight ears, and the curling typically starts within a few days to a few weeks.
Body Type: American Curls have a medium-sized body with a sturdy build. They have a balanced and proportionate body structure. The body is muscular and well-developed without being overly heavy or delicate.
Coat: American Curls can have both longhair and shorthair coat varieties. The coat is silky, soft, and resilient. It lies close to the body, and the longhair version features a plumed tail and a ruff around the neck.
Head and Face: American Curls have a modified wedge-shaped head with a gentle contour. The face is often described as sweet or open, with full cheeks and a rounded appearance. The nose is straight, and the eyes are large and expressive.
Eye Colors: American Curls can have a wide range of eye colors, including shades of blue, green, gold, and copper. The eye color is independent of coat color or pattern.
Temperament: American Curls are known for their friendly, sociable, and affectionate nature. They are generally good with families, including children and other pets. They enjoy being involved in household activities and forming strong bonds with their human companions.
Playfulness: American Curls have a playful and curious nature. They enjoy interactive play and toys that stimulate their minds. They can be quite active and agile, but they are not hyperactive cats.
It's important to note that while these characteristics are generally true for the American Curl breed, individual cats may vary in terms of personality and physical traits.

American Curl Temperament





American Curl cats are known for their affectionate nature.





The American Curl is a breed of cat known for its distinctive curled-back ears.





The American Curl is known to be a playful and active breed of cat.

American Curl Personality

The American Curl is known for its friendly, affectionate, and people-oriented personality. They are often described as being social, gentle, and adaptable, making them great companions for individuals, families, and even other pets.
American Curls are typically quite playful and enjoy interactive games and toys. They maintain their kitten-like behavior well into adulthood, showing curiosity and a love for exploring their environment. They are known for their intelligence and can easily learn new tricks and commands.
One of the most distinctive features of the American Curl is their love for human companionship. They are often seen as "people cats" and are known for forming strong bonds with their owners. They enjoy being in the company of their family members and are often found following them around the house or sitting close by.
American Curls are generally gentle and patient, making them suitable for households with children. They can also get along well with other pets, including dogs, if properly introduced and socialized.
It's important to note that while these are common characteristics of the American Curl breed, individual personalities can vary. Not all American Curls will exhibit the same traits, and their upbringing, socialization, and environment can also influence their behavior.

American Curl Colors

American Curl cats come in a wide variety of colors and patterns. Here are some common colors and patterns you may find in American Curls:
Solid Colors: American Curls can be found in solid colors such as black, white, blue, cream, red, chocolate, lilac, and various shades of gray.
Tortoiseshell: Tortoiseshell American Curls have a combination of black and orange patches in their fur. The patches can be mixed with white as well, creating a tortoiseshell and white pattern.
Tabby: Tabby patterns are quite common in American Curls. They feature swirls, stripes, or spots on the coat. Some popular tabby patterns include classic tabby, mackerel tabby, and spotted tabby.
Bi-color: Bi-color American Curls have a combination of two colors. The most common bi-color pattern is a combination of white with another color, such as black, blue, cream, or red.
Calico: Calico American Curls have a tricolor pattern consisting of white, black, and orange patches. The patches are often well-distributed on the coat.
Pointed Colors: Some American Curls may have pointed patterns similar to those found in Siamese cats. These pointed patterns feature darker coloration on the face, ears, paws, and tail, with a lighter body color.
These are just a few examples of the colors and patterns you may find in American Curls. The breed exhibits a wide range of variations, and individual cats can have unique coat colors and patterns. When looking for an American Curl, you can expect to find them in a diverse array of beautiful colors and patterns to suit your preferences.

American Curl Traits





The American Curl cat breed is generally known to be moderately active and playful.





American Curl cats are known for their gentle and soft vocalizations.





The grooming needs of an American Curl cat can vary depending on the length of their coat.

American Curl Cat Grooming and Vocal

The American Curl has a moderate grooming requirement. Their coat is typically semi-long, silky, and soft. They have a unique feature: their ears curl backward, which is the defining characteristic of the breed. The curled ears should be handled gently and carefully to avoid causing any discomfort or injury.
To keep their coat in good condition, American Curls should be brushed regularly, about once or twice a week, to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Paying extra attention to the areas where the hair is longer, such as the tail, belly, and rear legs, can help prevent tangles. During shedding seasons, more frequent brushing may be needed to manage the amount of loose hair.
American Curls generally have a low to moderate level of vocalization. While they may occasionally meow or vocalize to communicate with their owners, they are not known to be excessively loud or talkative. Each individual cat can have its own unique vocal patterns and preferences, so some American Curls may be more vocal than others. However, compared to some other breeds, they tend to be relatively quiet.
It's important to note that grooming needs and vocalization can vary between individual cats, even within the same breed. Some American Curls may require more or less grooming, and some may be more vocal than others based on their genetics and personality.

Are American Curl Cats Hypoallergenic: Understanding Allergies and Compatibility

The American Curl cat is not generally considered hypoallergenic. Like most cats, they do produce the Fel d 1 protein, which is the primary allergen that triggers allergies in humans. This means that individuals with allergies to cats may still experience allergic reactions to American Curl cats.
While some people with allergies may find certain cat breeds more tolerable than others, there are no guarantees that a specific breed, including the American Curl, will not cause an allergic reaction. Hypoallergenic claims for cat breeds are not scientifically proven and can vary depending on an individual's specific allergies and sensitivities.
If you have allergies and are considering getting an American Curl cat or any other cat breed, it is recommended to spend time with the specific breed and see how you react before making a decision. You may also consult with an allergist or healthcare professional for advice on managing cat allergies and potential strategies to minimize allergic reactions, such as using air purifiers, regularly grooming the cat, and maintaining a clean living environment.

American Curl Health Issues: Care Tips and Guidelines

The American Curl is generally a healthy breed of cat, but like all cat breeds, they can be prone to certain health conditions. Here are some health considerations for the American Curl:
Ear Issues: The most notable physical characteristic of the American Curl is their unique curled-back ears. While the ear curl is a natural trait, it can sometimes lead to ear problems such as wax buildup or ear infections. Regular ear cleaning and monitoring for any signs of discomfort or infection are important for their ear health.
Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy (HCM): HCM is a common heart disease that can affect cats, including American Curls. It causes the thickening of the heart muscles and can lead to heart failure. Regular veterinary check-ups, including cardiac evaluations, can help detect and manage this condition.
Patellar Luxation: Patellar luxation refers to the displacement or dislocation of the kneecap. Some American Curls may be prone to this condition, which can cause lameness or difficulty in walking. Surgical intervention may be necessary in severe cases.
Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD): PKD is an inherited condition that causes the formation of fluid-filled cysts in the kidneys. While PKD is more commonly associated with other breeds, it has been identified in American Curls as well. Genetic testing of breeding cats can help reduce the prevalence of this condition.
It's important to note that not all American Curls will develop these health issues, and responsible breeders take measures to minimize the occurrence of genetic disorders through proper breeding practices. Regular veterinary care, a balanced diet, and providing a safe and stimulating environment can contribute to the overall health and well-being of your American Curl. If you're considering adopting an American Curl, it's always recommended to inquire about the health history of the cat and the breeding program it comes from.

American Curl Cat Names: Picking the Best Name For Cat

American Curl

Max, Lucy, Leo, Lily

American Curl Care

Here are some important aspects to consider when it comes to caring for your American Curl cat:
Grooming: American Curls have a medium-length, silky coat that requires regular grooming. Brush their fur at least once or twice a week to remove loose hair and prevent matting. Additionally, check their ears regularly for any signs of wax buildup or infection, and gently clean them as needed.
Nutrition: Provide your American Curl with a balanced and nutritious diet formulated specifically for cats. High-quality cat food that meets their dietary needs is essential for their overall health. Consult with your veterinarian to determine the appropriate portion sizes and feeding schedule for your cat.
Veterinary Care: Regular veterinary check-ups are crucial to ensure your American Curl's health and catch any potential issues early on. Schedule routine vaccinations, parasite prevention, and annual wellness exams. Discuss with your veterinarian any breed-specific health concerns that may require monitoring or special attention.
Play and Mental Stimulation: American Curls are generally active and intelligent cats. Provide them with regular opportunities for play and mental stimulation. Interactive toys, puzzle toys, and play sessions with you can help keep them physically and mentally engaged. Ensure they have access to scratching posts or pads to satisfy their natural scratching behavior.
Environmental Enrichment: Create a stimulating and cat-friendly environment for your American Curl. Provide scratching posts, climbing structures, hiding spots, and perches to encourage exercise and exploration. Consider providing window views or bird feeders to satisfy their curiosity and offer mental stimulation.
Socialization and Companionship: American Curls are known for their friendly and sociable nature. Spend quality time with your cat, engaging in interactive play and providing affection and attention. Introduce them to new experiences, people, and animals gradually to promote socialization.
Safety: Ensure your home is safe for your American Curl by removing potential hazards. Keep toxic plants, chemicals, and small objects out of reach. Additionally, consider providing a safe and secure outdoor enclosure or supervised outdoor time to fulfill their desire for exploration while keeping them protected.
Remember that every American Curl is an individual, so their specific needs and preferences may vary. Observing and understanding your cat's behavior and catering to their unique requirements will help ensure their well-being and a strong bond between you and your feline companion.

American Curl Kitten: Tips for Finding Your Perfect Feline Companion

Choosing a American Curl kitten can be an exciting and important decision. Here are some tips to help you select a healthy and well-suited American Curl kitten:
Research the Breed: Learn about the American Curl breed, including its physical traits, temperament, and specific care requirements. Understanding the breed characteristics will help you determine if an American Curl is the right fit for your lifestyle and preferences.
Find a Reputable Breeder: Look for a reputable breeder who is knowledgeable about the American Curl breed and follows ethical breeding practices. A good breeder will prioritize the health and well-being of their cats and kittens. Consider checking with breed-specific cat associations or seeking recommendations from trusted sources.
Health Screening: Inquire about the health screening and testing performed on the kittens and their parents. Responsible breeders typically screen their breeding cats for genetic conditions that may be prevalent in the breed. Ask for documentation of health clearances, such as tests for hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM) or other known health issues in American Curls.
Visit the Breeder: Schedule a visit to the breeder's facility or home to meet the kittens and their parents in person. Observe the living conditions and ensure they are clean and well-maintained. Interact with the kittens and assess their behavior and socialization.
Health Check: Request to see the kitten's health records, including vaccinations and deworming. A reputable breeder will have provided appropriate veterinary care to the kittens. Ideally, the kitten should have received necessary vaccinations and been examined by a veterinarian.
Observe Temperament: Spend time with the kittens individually to gauge their temperament. Look for a kitten that appears healthy, alert, and active. Pay attention to their behavior, such as their level of curiosity, friendliness, and willingness to interact with you.
Ask Questions: Don't hesitate to ask the breeder any questions you may have about the breed, the kittens' upbringing, and the breeder's practices. A good breeder will be open and transparent and should be willing to answer your queries.
Remember that bringing a kitten into your home is a long-term commitment. Take your time, ask for guidance from the breeder, and choose a kitten that suits your lifestyle, personality, and expectations.

American Curl Size

The American Curl is a medium-sized cat breed. Here are some general size characteristics of the American Curl:
Weight: Adult American Curls typically weigh between 6 to 12 pounds. However, individual cats may vary in size, with some males being larger and heavier than females.
Body Structure: American Curls have a sturdy and muscular build. They have a well-rounded chest and a moderate bone structure. Their body proportions are balanced and proportional, without appearing overly heavy or delicate.
Height: There is no specific height standard for the American Curl breed, but they typically have a medium height in comparison to other cat breeds. They are not particularly tall or short.
Length: American Curls have a moderate body length, with a graceful appearance. Their bodies are not excessively long or compact. It's important to note that these size descriptions are general guidelines, and individual American Curls may vary in size and build. Factors such as genetics, diet, and exercise can also influence a cat's size and weight. If you have specific size concerns about your American Curl, it's best to consult with a veterinarian who can assess your cat's health and provide tailored guidance.

American Curl Lifespan

American Curl cats, like other domestic cats, typically have an average lifespan of 12 to 16 years. However, with proper care and a healthy lifestyle, American Curls can live well into their late teens or even early twenties.
It's important to note that the lifespan of individual American Curl cats can vary depending on factors such as genetics, overall health, diet, exercise, and living conditions. Regular veterinary check-ups, a balanced diet, sufficient exercise, and a loving and safe environment can contribute to the overall health and longevity of an American Curl cat. Additionally, responsible breeding practices aimed at maintaining genetic diversity and minimizing inherited health issues can also have a positive impact on the lifespan of the breed.

American Curl Price

The price of an American Curl cat can vary depending on various factors such as the breeder, location, pedigree, age, and quality of the cat. Generally, American Curl kittens from reputable breeders can range in price from $800 to $2,000 or more. Cats with exceptional pedigrees or show potential may be priced higher.
It's important to note that the initial purchase price is just one aspect of the cost of owning a cat. Other expenses to consider include ongoing veterinary care, vaccinations, spaying or neutering, grooming supplies, high-quality cat food, litter, toys, and regular check-ups. These costs can vary depending on your location and the specific needs of your cat.
If you are considering getting an American Curl cat, it is recommended to do thorough research, find reputable breeders who prioritize the health and well-being of their cats, and inquire about the specific costs and responsibilities associated with owning an American Curl in your area.
Additionally, it's worth considering adoption from a rescue or shelter. Adopting a cat can often be a more affordable option, and you will be giving a loving home to a cat in need.

American Curl Facts

The American Curl, a captivating and charismatic feline breed, is instantly recognizable by its unique and endearing curled ears. This distinctive trait sets it apart from other cats, making it a sought-after and beloved companion. Originating in the early 1980s, the American Curl's journey began with the discovery of a stray black kitten named Shulamith, whose enchanting ears would go on to define a new breed.

The hallmark of the American Curl is undoubtedly its gracefully curled ears. Unlike the typical straight ears of most cats, the American Curl's ears curve gently backward, lending it an air of perpetual curiosity and charm. Remarkably, this delightful trait is present from birth and only becomes more pronounced as the cat matures. The breed showcases both short-haired and long-haired variations, with a range of coat colors and patterns that contribute to its individuality.

Beyond their captivating appearance, American Curls are cherished for their affectionate nature and amiable disposition. Renowned for their intelligence and playful demeanor, these feline companions often form strong bonds with their human families. They thrive on interaction and are known to engage in interactive play and even learn tricks. Their expressive, large eyes seem to reflect their gentle and inquisitive souls, making them not just pets, but cherished members of the household.

In essence, the American Curl embodies a unique harmony of physical uniqueness and endearing personality. Their curled ears not only make them visually striking but also serve as a metaphor for their ability to curl their way into the hearts of those lucky enough to share their lives. Whether it's their engaging appearance, their playful antics, or their loving nature, the American Curl continues to win over the hearts of cat enthusiasts worldwide.